[Cruel actions towards street dogs – necessity of looking after them – ways of taking care of the dogs – conclusion.]
[your place of stay-early morning sky-description of the nature around-sounds that are heard-reasons for enjoyment-conclusion ]
[good for health – fresh air – keeps one active throughout the day]
[Oranges brought from the market – sorted – rotten ones removed – cleaned – peeled – put in a juicer – juice extracted – sugar and preservatives added – poured in bottles – sealed ready to be sold.]
[drawing of a plan of the building by the architect – getting plan sanctioned by the corporation or municipal authorities – engaging masons and labours – starting the construction with bricks, cement and sand – fitting doors and windows – plastering of walls – wiring – electric and water connections – painting – building completed – fit for living]
[water evaporates from water bodies – rises as vapour – gets heavier – condenses, forms clouds-falls to earth as rain]
[Cutting down bamboo – making pulp – adding chemicals – rolling into sheets – adding colour – drying – ready for use.]
∎ You want to visit a tourist spot during the Puja vacation. Write a letter within 100 words to the manager of a hotel enquiring about the availability of rooms, the cost involved and sites to be seen.
∎ Suppose you had bought a book from a bookstore. By mistake, you left it there instead of bringing it back with you. Providing details of the book and its author, write a letter within 100 words to the owner of the store to find the book and keep it until you come to collect it.
✍ NEWSPAPER REPORT
[Midnapore district-month of July – heavy rainfall – rivers overflowing-trees uprooted, many villages flooded- loss of human and animal life-rescue operations-steps taken by the government]
[date and place – occupants of the house – numbers of robbers – list of articles stolen – police investigation]
[brake failure of a bus – collided with a truck – 5 injured including a child and a woman – injured sent to hospital – released with first aid – traffic disrupted – police intervened – normalcy restored]
Hints: returning from the educational excursion by bus – night journey – sudden breakdown – tyres punctured – had to wait for two hours at a lonely place – tyre fixed – back home.
[Crow sitting on a tree – a piece of meat in its beak – fox passing under the tree – wants the meat – asks the crow to sing – crow keeps meat under its feet and sings – fooled, fox leaves]
[Hints: two cats find a piece of bread-fight over it-monkey arrives-decides to settle the dispute-monkey breaks the bread into two-uneven size-eats a portion from the larger share-dispute continues-monkey eats both pieces of bread]
[born on 11 November 1888 – composed poetry in Urdu – worked as a journalist, protested against British Raj – an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhiji’s ideas – wrote many books – like ‘India wins freedom’, ‘Ghubar-e-Khatir’ etc. – first Education Minister of Independent India – birthday celebrated as National Education Day – died on 22 February 1958]
Hints: born on 1st October 1847 in London – famous British writer – well-known Socialist, activist for the rights of women – participated in Indian politics – joined the Indian National Congress – became the first woman President of the Indian National Congress in 1917 – passed away on 20th of September 1933 in Madras, India.
∎ Suppose you are the secretary of a club which has decided to open a library. Write a notice (within 100 words) to the members of your club inviting them to actively join this programme by donating books for the library.
∎ Your school is going to host the inter-school District Sports Competition. Suppose you are the Secretary of the Sports Club of your school. Write a notice (Within 100 words) calling students to participate in the competition. Mention the time, Date and venue of the competition. Your notice should be countersigned by the Headmaster/Headmistress of your school.
✍ DIARY WRITING
✍ DIALOGUE WRITING
Hints: wild animals decreasing – ill-treatment to animals in circuses – a criminal offence – laws against such – need to be human to animals.
✍ SUMMARY WRITING
Communication is part of our everyday life. We greet one another, smile or frown, depending on our moods. Animals too, communicate. Just like us, interaction among animals can be both verbal and non-verbal. Singing is one way in which birds can interact with one another. Male blackbirds often use their melodious songs to catch the attention of other blackbirds. These songs are usually rich in notes, encoding various kinds of messages. Songs are also used to keep off other birds from their territory, usually a place where they dwell. Large mammals in the oceans sing too, according to adventurous sailors.
Enormous whales groan and grunt while smaller dolphins and porpoises whistle and click. These sounds are surprisingly received by other mates as far as several hundred kilometres away. Besides singing, body language also forms a large part of animals’ communication modes. Dominant hyenas exhibit their power by raising the fur hackles on their necks and shoulders, while the submissive ones normally surrender to the powerful parties by crouching their head low and curling their lips a little, revealing their teeth in a friendly smile. Insects such as wasps armed with poisonous bites or stings usually have brightly painted bodies to remind other predators of their power. (206 words)