Unit 1(Comprehension Exercises)
- Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentences:
a)Gandhiji had been shot on his way to –
i)the Birla House
ii)the author’s house
iii)a prayer meeting [ ✓ ]
iv)a family gathering
b)The author came to know of Gandhiji’s death by –
ii)a telephone call [ ✓ ]
iv)a public broadcast
c)When one is faced with the shock of a loved one’s death, one –
i)whimpers [ ✓ ]
2. Fill in the chart with information from the text:
|a)date on which Gandhiji was shot dead||30th January 1948|
|b)place where Gandhiji breathed his last||Birla House|
|c)information given by the broadcast||Bapu was no more|
3. State whether the following statements are True or False. Provide sentences/phrases/words in support of your answer:
a)The author received an urgent telephone call in the morning. [False]
Supporting Statement: “I was having tea at home on the evening of 30th January 1984, when I was called to Birla house by an urgent telephone.”
b)People attempted to break into the Birla House. [True]
Supporting Statement: They jostled one another in a stampede to break into the house.
c)The news of Gandhiji’s death did not shock the people. [True]
Supporting Statement: The people were too stunned to speak in the beginning.
Unit 2(Comprehension Exercises)
4. Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentences:
a)Gandhiji’s funeral was to take place –
i)on the day of his death
ii)two days after his death
iii)one day after his death [✓ ]
iv)a week after his death
b)Padamsi was Mrs Naidu’s –
iv)daughter [✓ ]
c)While walking, Bapu used to carry in his hands a/an –
ii)staff [ ✓ ]
5. Complete the following sentences with information from the text:
a)Thousands of people wept, trying to touch Bapu’s feet.
b)The author was among people for whom walking with Bapu had a special meaning.
c)To walk is to make slow progress.
6. Fill in the chart with information from the text:
|a)It was impossible to move.||Thousands of people gathered to watch the funeral procession of Bapu and tried to touch his feet.|
|b)Padmasi declared that they would walk with Gandhiji in the funeral procession.||It was the last time they would walk with Bapu.|
|c)To walk was often the only way open to the average Indian.||It required no vehicle except his own body and cost him nothing but his energy.|
Unit 3(Comprehension Exercises)
7. Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentences:
a)Gandhiji’s ashes were taken to –
ii)Allahabad [ ✓ ]
b)A huge crowd had gathered by the –
i)Ganges [ ✓ ]
c)Gandhiji awakened people to one another’s –
iii)suffering [ ✓ ]
8. Complete the following sentences with information from the text:
a)People on the special train sang bhajans.
b)The author felt she had grown up within a magic circle.
c)Bapu had passed away but his India would continue to live in his children.
9. Fill in the chart with information from the text:
|a)People could feel Gandhiji’s presence amid the flowers and the songs.||People did not weep anymore|
|b)The magic circle vanished.||The author felt unprotected.|
|c)The young people like the author would bear Bapu’s banner.||The author felt that she wouldn’t lose courage so easily.|
Grammar in Use
10)Join the following pairs of sentences into single sentences as directed:
a)I saw a snake. I ran away. (use participle)
Ans. Seeing a snake I ran away.
b)He learns music. He listens to the chords. (Use preposition with gerund)
Ans. He learns music by listening to the cord.
c)Gold is a precious metal. It is used to make ornaments. (Use noun in apposition)
Ans. Gold, a precious metal, is used to make ornaments.
d)Rama has some money. He can buy books (use infinitive)
Ans. Rama has some money to buy books.
e)Rima completed her work. She went out. (use participle)
Ans. Completing her work Rima went out.
f)The boy wrote the answer. The answer was incorrect. (use the adverbial phrase)
Ans. The boy wrote the answer in an incorrect way.
11)Join the following pairs of sentences into single compound sentences as directed:
a)The old man is unwell. He cannot go out. (Use illative conjunction)
Ans. The old man is unwell, so he cannot go outside.
b)He is honest. He is humble. (Use cumulative conjunction)
Ans. He is honest and humble. OR. He is honest as well as humble. OR. He is not only honest but also humble.
c)Sonali cannot write poetry. She keeps on trying. (use adversative conjunction)
Ans. Sonali cannot write poetry but she keeps on trying.
d)Study hard. You will not pass the examination. (Use alternative conjunction)
Ans. Study hard or you will not pass the examination.
12)Join the following pairs of sentences into a single complex sentence as directed:
a)Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet. He won the Nobel Prize. (Use adjective clause)
Ans. Rabindranath Tagore who was a great poet won the Nobel Prize. OR. Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet who won the Nobel Prize.
b)He returned home. Everyone in the family had fallen asleep. (use adverb clause)
Ans. When he returned home, everyone in the family had fallen asleep.
c)The sun rises in the east. Everyone knows it. (Use noun clause)
Ans. Everyone knows that the sun rises in the east.
13)Join the following pairs of sentences into a single sentence as directed:
a)It rained hard. The roads were not flooded. (compound sentence)
Ans. It rained hard but the roads were not flooded. OR. It rained hard still/yet the roads were not flooded.
b)He completed his work. He took a rest (simple sentence)
Ans. Completing his work he took a rest.
c)Rahul is a great singer. He can sing different kinds of songs. (complex sentence)
Ans. Rahul who is a great singer can sing different kinds of songs.
d)The time of departure of the train has changed. Alia knew it. (complex sentence)
Ans. Alia knew that the time of departure of the train has changed.
e)I do not watch television. I do not listen to the radio. (compound sentence)
Ans. I neither watch television nor listen to the radio.
f)The child was short. The child could not pick the guava from the tree. (simple sentence)
Ans. Being short, the child could not pick the guava from the tree. (simple sentence)
14)Split the following into two sentences.
a)It rained and I could not leave my room.
Ans. It rained. I could not leave my room.
b)He thought that he could win the race.
Ans. He could win the race. He thought it.
c)Having been informed of the trouble, the Principal left for home.
Ans. The Principle had been informed of the trouble. He left for home.
d)Nasir, who was the captain of the team, scored a century.
Ans. Nasir was the captain of the team. He scored a century.
15. Write a biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad(within 100 words) based on the hints given below:
[born on 11November 1888 – composed poetry in Urdu – worked as a journalist, protested against British Raj – enthusiastic supporter of Gandhiji’s ideas – wrote many books – like ‘India wins freedom’, ‘Ghubar-e-Khatir’ etc. – first Education Minister of Independent India – birth day celebrated as National Education Day – died on 22 February 1958]
16. Use the following flow chart to write a paragraph within 100 words on how a building is constructed:
[drawing of a plan of the building by the architect – getting plan sanctioned by the corporation or municipal authorities – engaging masons and labours – starting the construction with bricks, cement and sand – fitting doors and windows – plastering of walls – wiring – electric and water connections – painting – building completed – fit for living]
3.My Own True Family
4.Our Runway Kite